TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения...

^ TOPIC: THEATRE
TEXT A. DRAMA, MUSIC AND BALLET IN BRITAIN

The centre of theatrical activity in Britain is London. There are about 50 principal theatres in professional use78 in or near the West End and TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... some 20 in the suburbs.

Most of these are let to producing managements on a commercial basis79 but some of them are permanently occu­pied by subsidised companies, such as the National Theatre which stages TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... classical and modern plays in its complex of three theatres on the South Bank of the River Thames. The former Old Vic Company, which was Britain's major theatri­cal TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... touring company, has now taken up residence in the Na­tional Theatre, changing its name to the National Theatre Company. In addition the Royal Shakespeare Company pre­sents Shakespearean plays at Stradford-upon TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения...-Avon and a mixed repertoire in London.

Outside London there are many non-repertory theatres which present all kinds of drama and also put on variety shows and other entertainments. Recently there TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... has been a growth in the activity of repertory companies which receive financial support from the Arts Council and the local authori­ties. These companies employ leading producers, designers and actors TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения..., and the standard of productions is generally high. Some companies have their own theatres, while others rent from the local authorities.

Music of all kinds — "pop" music, folk music, jazz, light music TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... and brass bands — is an important part of British cul­tural life. The large audiences at orchestral concerts and at performances of opera, ballet and chamber music reflect the widespread interest in classical music TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения....

The Royal Opera House, Covent Garden, London, which receives financial assistance from the Arts Council, gives regular seasons of opera and ballet. It has its own orchestra which plays TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... for the Royal Opera and the Royal Ballet. Both companies have a high international reputation. The English National Opera which performs in the London Coliseum gives seasons of opera and operetta in English. It also TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... tours the provinces.

In 1998 the Government announced the formation of the Young Music Trust to develop the musical skills of the young with some money from the National Lottery, and do­nations TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... from music charities and companies involved in mu­sic business. The national youth orchestras of Great Britain have established high standards.

There are several thousand amateur dramatic societies in Britain. Most universities TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... have thriving amateur drama clubs and societies. Every year an International Festival of Univer­sity Theatre is held.

^ TEXT B. AT THE BOX-OFFICE

— I want four seats for Sunday TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения..., please.

— Matinee or evening performance?

— Evening, please.

— Well, you can have very good seats in the stalls. Row F.

— Oh, no! It's near the orchestra-pit. My wife can't stand loud music TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения....

— Then I could find you some seats in the pit.

— I'm afraid that won't do either. My father-in-law is terribly short-sighted. He wouldn't see TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... much from the pit, would he?

— Hm... Perhaps, you'd care to take a box?

— Certainly not! It's too expensive. I can't afford it. — Dress-circle then?

— I don't TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... like to sit in the dress-circle.

— I'm afraid the only thing that remains is the gallery.

— How can you suggest such a thing! My mother-in-law is a stout TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... woman with a weak heart. We couldn't dream of letting her walk up four flights of stairs, could we?

— I find, sir, that there isn't a single seat in the house TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения...80 that would suit you.

— There isn't, is there? Well, I think we'd much better go to the movies. As for me, I don't care much for this the­atre-going business TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения.... Good day!

^ TEXT С. PANTOMIMES

Sally: Tony, there's an advertisement in the local paper saying that the theatre in the High Street is putting on81 "Cin­derella". I haven't TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... seen a pantomime for years and years. Do you fancy going?

Tony: Yeh, that sounds good. I don't think I've seen one since I was about fourteen — except for one on TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... ice when I was crazy about skating, and that's not quite the same thing, is it?

Sally: No. Ice shows don't have all the wonderful tradi­tional scenery and that TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... gorgeous theatre atmosphere.

Tony: Pantomimes are awfully old, if you think about it, aren't they? I mean with a girl playing the part of the princi­pal boy, all TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... dressed up in tights and tunic ...

Sally: Mm, and the dame parts taken by men. I've nev­er seen "Cinderella". I suppose the stepmother and the ugly sisters are the men's parts TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... in that.

Tony: Aladdin used to be my favourite, when a comedi­an played the Widow Twankey. And when Aladdin rubbed the magic lamp an enormous genie appeared ...

Sally: And the audience booing TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... the wicked uncle, and joining in the singing of the popular songs they always man­age to get into the play somehow.

Tony: Yes! I wonder how on earth TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... they manage to fit to­day's pop songs into pantomime stories?

Sally: Well, why don't we get tickets and find out?

Tony: Yes, OK. Come on, then.

^ ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (II)

Words

act υ gallery TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... n properties acting n

interval n (props) n balcony n lighting n

repertoire n box n matinee n row n

cast n orchestra-pit n stage-manager n company n

pit n TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... stalls n costumes n produce υ

(theatre-) house n director n producer n treatment n

dress-circle n production n

Word Combinations

professional theatre the setting of a scene repertory company

light and sound effects amateur theatre TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... to produce a play

dramatic society

EXERCISES
^ I. Answer the following questions:
A. 1. What is the centre of theatrical activity in Great Britain? 2. Which theatrical companies receive financial sup­port from Arts Council? 3. What is meant TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... by a repertory theatre? 4. What do you know about the Royal Shakespeare Company? 5. What kind of performances are staged in the Royal Opera House? 6. Are there many theatres in TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... or near the West (East) End of London? 7. What kind of music is popular in England? 8. Are there any amateur theatres in Great Britain? 9. What leading actors of the British theatre do TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... you know? 10. How are the British Arts Councils going to celebrate approach of the millennium?

B. 1. How is the Russian theatre organized? 2. What Rus­sian theatres are best known in Russia and abroad? 3. Is TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... at­tendance at our theatres high? 4. How many times a month (a year) do you go to the theatre? 5. Are there any amateur theatres in Russia?
^ II. Try your band at teaching TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения...:
A. Preparation, a) Find picture representing a theatre-house, b) Study the footnotes on p. 327 describing a theatre-house and its parts, c) Write questions to provoke answers containing all the TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... new words.

B. Work in class. Ask your questions, listen to the an- -swers and correct the student's mistakes.
^ III. Learn Text В by heart. Act out this dialogue. IV TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения.... Retell Text С in your own words.
Speak on your favourite genre (opera, drama, ballet, comedy, musical, etc). Why do you like it?
V. Translate the following into English:
Когда мы пришли, зал TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... был уже полон. Через пару минут за­навес поднялся, и все взоры устремились на сцену. Декорации были очень обыкновенные, выдержанные в темных, белоснежных и сероватых тонах. На этом фоне калоритные костюмчики действующих лиц выглядели TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... очень красиво.

Состав исполнителей был хороший, а игра актера, исполняв­шего главную роль, была просто прекрасна. Когда он был на сцене, внимание всего зрительного зала было сосредоточено на нем TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... и его игре. Во время известной сцены из третьего акта в зале стояла мертвая тишь. Зрители были потрясены. Многие плака­ли. К тому же, эта сцена была успешно освещена. Режиссер успешно использовал освещение TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения..., чтоб усилить воспоминание от игры ак­тера.

Когда после заключительной сцены занавес погрузился, насту­пила долгая пауза, а позже поднялась реальная буря аплодисмен­тов.
^ VI. Read the following and either agree or TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... disagree with the state­ments. (See the Reminder.):
1. The house is the part of the theatre where the mem­bers of the orchestra usually sit. 2. An auditorium is a build­ing or TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... a part of a building in which the audience sit. 3. The audience include both spectators and actors. 4. When the audience is pleased it keeps silent. 5. We say "the house is full" when not all TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... the seats in the auditorium are occupied. 6. The pit is nearer to the stage than the stalls. 7. You prefer seats in the gallery, don't you? 8. Wings are the sides of TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... a stage with the scenery. 9. You wouldn't like to go behind the stage, I believe. 10. The cheapest seats are in the boxes. 11. The most expensive seats are in the orchestra TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... stalls. 12. Students always buy seats in the orchestra stalls. 13. By the cast of the play we mean all the actors belonging to the theatrical company. 14, The role of the producer is TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... not very important. 15. You don't know who Stanislavsky was, I be­lieve. 16. It doesn't take many people to produce a play. 17. I believe you clap to show your appreciation of TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... the act­ing or the play as a whole.

Reminder. Beyond all doubt. I should think so. I won't deny it Most likely. I disagree with you. On the contrary. You are wrong TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения.... Just the other way round. Not me! By no means.
^ VII. a) Describe your impressions of a play (opera, ballet) you have seen. Follow the plan below:
1. Going to the theatre TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения.... (How did you get the tickets? Where were your seats? Was the house full?)

2. The play. (Was it interesting? What was interesting? What didn't you like about it?)

3. The acting. (Was TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... the cast good? Whose acting im­pressed the audience? In what scenes?)

4. The production. (Did the production help the audience to catch the main idea of the play? In what points of TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... the pro­duction did you feel the work of the producer? Did the gener­al spirit of the production satisfy the demand of the play?)

5. Designing. (Did you like the scenery? How were the TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... light and sound effects used?)

6. The audience. (What kind of people did it consist of? How did they receive the performance?)

R e m i n d e r TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения...: if is surprising to meet a play about ordi­nary people caught up in ordinary events, the author shows a remarkable talent for writing dialogue which is entertaining and witty, the characters TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... are pleasant (humorous, ordinary); one brief scene forms the climax of the play, the characters act out a fantasy, the audience is мейд to think: until almost the final curtain; splendid direction; it was one TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... of the finest ren­derings of this part I've ever heard; I hear the scenery was planned and designed by...; his musical talent is quite excep­tional, his playing TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... sometimes reminds me of...; the highlight of the evening was ...
^ b) Make up dialogues discussing the points above. VIII. a) Supply articles where necessary:
Chekhov's play "... Sea-gull" was first TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... staged in ... Alexan-drinsky Theatre in... Petersburg. It was ... complete failure.... play was ruined by ... dull and ... clumsy production. It was staged in ... "good old traditions" whereas ... Chekhov's plays were quite unlike any TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... other plays written before and demand­ed ... new forms and devices.... Petersburg audience did not understand "... Sea-gull." There was ... laughter in most poeti­cal scenes and many of... audience TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... left long before ... end of ... play. It was ... cruel blow to Chekhov. However, in... Mos­cow Art Theatre, which was not ... year old then (it was in 1898), ... same play directed by K. S TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения.... Stanislavsky was ... tremendous success.... Stanislavsky's production of "... Sea-gull" opened ... new epoch in ... history of ... theatre and symbolized... triumph of... new and ... progressive forms over ... old ones.

In ... memory of that TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... event... white sea-gull spreads its wings on ... curtain of ... Moscow Art Theatre.
^ b) Answer the following questions:
1. When and where was Chekhov's "Sea-gull" first staged? 2. Why did it TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... fail? 3. Why was it that the same play was a tremendous success in the Art Theatre? 4. Why did the Art Theatre choose the sea-gull for its emblem?
IX. a) Give a free TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... translation of the following passage. Make use of the English phrases given at the end:
Происшествия, при которых ставилась «Чайка», были сложны и тяжелы. Дело в том, что Антон Павлович Чехов серьезно забо­лел TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения.... У него вышло отягощение туберкулезного процесса. При всем этом духовное состояние его было таково, что он не перенес бы вторичного провала «Чайки», подобного тому, какой произошел при первой ее постановке в Петербурге TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения.... Неуспех спектакля мог оказаться гибельным для самого писателя. Об этом нас предупреж­дала его до слез взволнованная сестра Мария Павловна, умоляв­шая нас об отмене спектакля. Меж тем, он TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... был нам до зарезу нужен, потому что вещественные дела театра шли плохо и для поднятия сборов требовалась новенькая постановка. Предоставляю чи­тателю судить о том состоянии, с которым мы, артисты, выходили играть пьесу TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... на премьере, собравшей далековато не полный зал. Стоя на сцене, мы прислушивались к внутреннему голосу, который шептал нам: «Играйте отлично, потрясающе, добейтесь фуррора, триумфа. А если вы его не добьетесь, то знайте, что по TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... получении телеграммы возлюбленный вами писатель умрет, казненный вашими руками. Вы станете его палачами».

Как мы игрались — не помню. 1-ый акт кончился при гробо­вом молчании зрительного зала. Одна из артисток свалилась в TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... обмо­рок, я сам чуть держался на ногах от отчаяния. Но вдруг, после долгой паузы, в публике поднялся рёв, треск, обезумевшие аплодис­менты. Занавес пошел ... раздвинулся ... снова задвинулся, а TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... мы стояли, как одурелые. Позже опять рев ... и опять занавес ... Мы все стояли бездвижно, не соображая, что нам нужно раскланивать­ся. В конце концов, мы ощутили фуррор и, несусветно взволнован­ные, стали обымать друг дружку TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения.... М. А. Лялиной, которая игралась Машу и своими заключительными словами пробила лед в сердцах зрителей, мы устроили овацию. Фуррор рос с каждым актом и окон­чился триумфом. Чехову была послана TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... подробная телеграмма.

(Станиславский К. С. Моя жизнь в искусстве)

Use the following:

the circumstances ... were complicated and painful, his deep depression, he might have not survived another failure, implored us to cancel the performance TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения..., we badly needed it, to raise the box office returns, the inner voice, murdered by your own hands, the first act concluded amid death-like si­lence, to faint, I was TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... on my last legs, there was an uproar, a crash, a storm of applause, the curtain went up ... then down again, we were standing stunned, we were supposed to take the curtain-calls TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения..., melted the ice, to cheer, each act height­ened the success.
^ b) What can you say about the significance of the event described above for the history of Russian and TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... world theatre? X. a) Read Sir Laurence Olivier's answers given by him in a newspaper interview:
Question: How has television affected the theatre?

Answer: Well, its popularity means that millions of TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... people take drama for granted. With hours and hours every week, the viewer can have a bellyful of drama. If you're go­ing to attract a man and his wife away TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... from their TV set on a winter's night, and hold them to a play in a theatre, you've got to grip them and keep them gripped.

Now, you do have TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... certain advantages in the theatre. The telly is perfect for the things that have been specially built for it. But the TV screen cannot give you the peculiar condition of the theatre, where we TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... are allowed to get back to life-size people in relation.

Q.: Is there any particular hobby-horse that you ride in your work as actor and director?

A.: I rely TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... greatly on rhythm. I think that is one thing I un­derstand — the exploitation of rhythm, change of speed of speech, change of time, change of expression, change of pace TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... in crossing the stage. Keep the audience surprised, shout when they're not expecting it, keep them on their toes — change from minute to minute.

What is the main problem of the actor? It is TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... to keep the audience awake.

O.: How true is it that an actor should identify with a role?

A.: I don't know. I can only speak for myself. And in TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... my case it's not 'should', it's 'must'. I just do. I can't help it. In my case I feel I am who I am playing. And I think TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения..., though I speak only from my own experience, that the actor must identify to some extent with his part.

In "Othello" the passage from the handkerchief scene through to flinging the TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... money in Emilia's face is, pound by pound, the heaviest burden I know that has been laid upon me yet by a dramatist.

And Macbeth. Do you know what is the first thing TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... to learn about playing Macbeth? To get through the performance with­out losing your voice. (From Moscow News, 1969, No 10, Fragments)
^ b) Try your хэнд at teaching:
A. Preparation. Think of interesting questions TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... on Sir Lau­rence Olivier's interview.

B. Work in class. Make your friends answer your ques­tions.
XI. Sole-playing.
At a Theatre Festival

St. A: a famous producer

St. В.: a celebrated actor

St TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения.... C: a talented young actress, who мейд an immediate hit with her sensitive and moving performance

Rest of class: a journalist, a critic, a playwright and the­atre-goers

All are TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... invited to the studio.
^ XXI. a) Translate the following fragments into Russian (in writing)!
A. There are many people whom the theatre fills with an excitement which no familiarity can stale. It TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... is to them a world of mystery and delight; it gives them entry into a realm of the imagination which increases their joy in life, and its illusion colours the ordinariness of TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... their daily round with the golden shimmer of romance. W. S. Maugham

B. In the Theatre we are proud to serve, ideas merely play like summer lightning over, a deep lake of feeling TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения...; the intellect may be quickened there, but what is more impor­tant is that the imagination of the spectator begins to be haunted, so that long after he has left the TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... play-house the ac­tors are still with him, still telling him of their despair and their hope. J. B. Priestley
^ b) Comment on the fragments above. ХIII. Speak individually or arrange a TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... discussion on the following:
1. Why is it that people go to the theatre? What do they look for there?

2. What is your favourite theatre and why?

3. The fragment above (Ex. XII B TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения...) describes the case when "the imagination of the spectator begins to be haunted so that long after he has left the play-house the actors are still with him..." Is the experience familiar to you TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения...? After what play did you have it last time?

4. What is the romantic side of the theatre?

5. What is the educational role of the theatre? Do you agree with Priestley (see the TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... fragment in Ex. XII B) that the theatrical art appeals rather to the spectator's imagination and feelings than to his intellect? Give your reasons.
^ XIV. Try your хэнд at teaching TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения.... 1. Say what you would do in the teacher's position:
Michael, a bright, young, soon-to-be fifth-former, con­fessed to his teacher that in his view school was no TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... fun, the teachers were no good, summer should last forever and dogs were lucky because they didn't have to go to school. The teacher protested that school was important. But Michael, who didn TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения...'t share the teacher's opinion, answered with a one-word question "Why?".
^ 2. Respond to the following modestly. Here are a few possible ways of beginning answers:
Oh, it was TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... nothing. The real credit should go to .... I had very little to do with it. It wasn't difficult at all, really. Thank you, but it's not really all that TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... good. Oh, you're exaggerat­ing, I played only a small part in the whole thing. It was very much a team effort. You're very kind, but really anyone else could do it TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения....

S c e n a r i o

A.: I've never seen such an attractive and talented class of children. I think you, as their teacher, deserve the highest praise.

You: ...

A.: I TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения...'m sure they are splendid, but I don't agree that you don't deserve any credit. I know you planned the lovely dec­orations in their classroom, for TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... a start.

You: ...

A.: I'm sorry, I just can't believe it had nothing to do with you. And even if they had the original idea, I'm sure you guided them TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... in their work.

You:...

A,: Oh, come on, it can't have been easy and I don't agree that anyone could have done it

(From Making Polite Noises by Hargreaves and M. Fletcher. Lad TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения..." 1979)
^ 3. Classroom English. (Revision);
a) It's the last period on Saturday. The lesson is coming to an end. You are pleased with the work you and the pupils have done. You find TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... that you just have about 3 — 4 minutes to have the exercise books collected and the board cleaned. You inform the class that they will have to finish the exer­cise off TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... at home, tell them you are pleased with their progress, set the homework and state briefly what you are planning for the next lesson. After that you ask your pupils to tidy up TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... the room and to be quiet when they go outside. You wish them a nice weekend and say good-bye.





b) It's a routine English lesson in the middle of TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... the term. The lesson isn't going too well You are trying to keep your pupils interested in the exercises you are checking. You get them to read the sentences in turn and TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... correct their mis­takes, but the pupils are tired and find it difficult to concen­trate on the work. Some of them start chatting and fidgeting. You try not to show your annoyance TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... and proceed checking the exercise.

c) You've got a lot of work to get through in this lesson. You ask the pupils to do an exercise from the TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... textbook si­lently. You check that they all have the right place. When your pupils have looked through the exercise you want ev­erybody to read three sentences each. You comment on their TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... work. In the remaining five minutes, you have a quick vo­cabulary test on the blackboard. You make sure that the board is properly prepared, and ask 2 or 3 pupils to write the TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... test. You keep the rest of the class involved and comment on the work.

d) It's a revision lesson. You've brought to the classroom a map of Britain, some slides TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... and/or pictures of London and a slide projector. You ask one of the pupils to help you fix the map and pictures on the board and get the slide projec­tor TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... ready. The pupils point out on the map the most impor­tant towns, rivers, mountain chains or anything you find necessary to mention. After that they speak briefly about London sights making use TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... of the pictures and slides. You keep making notes while they speak and comment on their work at the end of the revision lesson.

e) At the end of the TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... term you find it necessary to have a brief revision of the book your pupils are reading. Your idea is to ask the pupils a number of questions to encourage a discussion. You TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... think the questions over very thoroughly be­forehand and ask your class to answer them. You are inter­ested in everyone's point of view and react to comments ap­propriately TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения..., trying to keep the conversation going.
^ XV. Describe these pictures: Use the following:
a) to come home greatly excited, to wave some slips of paper in the air, to be delighted, to have great TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... fun playing with one's toys; b) to drag smb. along the street, to howl at the top of one's voice; c) to have excellent seats, "Wilhelm Tell" was on TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения..., the music was so loud you couldn't hear a word, to be bored; d) that was much better, to catch smb.'s interest, a bow [bзv] and arrows, to shoot off ah apple TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... from...; e) in very high spirits, to chatter about one's impres­sions, to be pleased; f) to be shocked, the child's imagina­tion was certainly haunted by the TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... opera or, rather, by one particular scene, the poor teddy-bear, to look extremely un­comfortable.
XVI. Film "Mr. Brown's Holiday". Film segments 9 "One More Substitute" (Yeovil) and 10 "Back at Ноmе TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения..." (London), a) Watch and listen, b) Do the exer­cises from the guide to the film.
^ STUDIES OF WRITTEN ENGLISH

IX

One of the most effective exercises in good writing is a free composition TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения....

Free composition is a piece of independent writing (3—5 pages in length). You are free to select the subject, to decide on the pattern of writing (narrative, descriptive, argumenta­tive, expository), and to choose TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... writing technique (keywords, topic sentences, connectives and transitions).

In the process of free composition there are three main points to consider: what to say — selection of a subject and the theme, how TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... to arrange the material in the best order, and how to express your thoughts in the best possible lan­guage.

The theme and subject should be selected with care so that you TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... know exactly what you mean to write about and what is the purpose of writing — is it describing, entertain­ing, persuading or instructing?

"The British Isles" is, for instance TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения..., of descriptive nature, "How We Kept Mother's Day" is both entertaining and in­structing, Judy's letters are sincerely persuading.

Composition must be unified and complete. It must have a beginning TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения..., middle, and end. It must be coherent; that is, systematic in its presentation, with reference to time, to point of view, and to situation. It must reveal your attitude or judge­ment towards material and TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... characters or towards your reader, or both.

^ The beginning, or introduction expresses the occasion, the problem, and the purpose. A good beginning attracts the reader's attention, his interest and TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... sometimes his emotions (see the beginning of "How We Kept Mother's Day" or of "A Friend in Need").

The middle or body of the composition in its turn makes the problem clear through TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... narration, description, argument or exposition (compare different passages from this textbook). Usually the middle includes the details. It may have the turn­ing point or climax describing the moment of greatest emo TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения...­tions.

^ The end or conclusion is the result of that clarification. The author provides an answer to the main question. It is usually marked by a summary statement emphasizing the TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... message (compare the final sentences in "A Day's Wait", "How We Kept Mother's Day", "Rose at the Music-hall").

Assignments:

1. Write a composition explaining the message of the passage "Rose at the TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... Music-ball.

2. Write a composition following the events described in the pictures on pp. 338-339.

^ 3. Write a composition describing your visit to a theatre and your impressions of the prevailing atmosphere,

4. If TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... you have become proficient at writing compositions as an exercise you may turn to teaming how to write compositions as art. Try your хэнд at writing a composition about the best way to TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... comfort your mother (father, child, sister or brother, friend).

Evaluate your composition according to the main principles of good writing: unity, coherence, and emphasis.

^ LABORATORY EXERCISES (II)

1. Listen to the text TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... "Drama, Music and Ballet in Britain", mark the stresses and tunes. Repeat the text following the model.

2. Record the dialogue "At the Box-Office" in pairs. Listen to the records and discuss TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... them in class.

^ 3. Listen to the dialogue "Pantomimes", mark the stresses and tones. Repeat it following the model.

4. Write a spelling-translation test:

a) translate the phrases into English;

b) check TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... them with the key.

5. Respond to the following questions or statements and correct them if necessary.

6. Listen to the story. Write ten questions about the text. Suggest a title for the TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... text and give reasons for your choice. Find evidence in the text to support the following statements.

^ CURIOSITY QUIZ FOR EAGERS

1. What do you know about K. S. Stanislavsky, his role in the history TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... of the Moscow Art Theatre and bis influence on world theatre?

2. Where do the following quotations come from? Who says the lines? Under what circumstances?

a) The time is out of TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... Joint Oh, cursed plight. That ever I was bom to set it right '

b) Beware, my lord, of the jealousy;

It is the green-eyed monster, that doth mock The meat it TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... feeds on.

c) How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is To have a thankless child.

^ 3. What do you know about the problem of Shakespeare's authorship?

4. What do you know TOPIC: THEATRE - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation). Упражнения... about the Sovremennik Theatre? about the Lenkom Theatre? about the Tovstonogov Theatre in St Petersburg?

5. Listen to a text connectid with the topic "Theatre".


tonirovanie-derevyannoj-rukoyati-i-recepti-sostavov.html
tonkaya-kishka-ee-otdeli-ih-topografiya-otnoshenie-k-bryushine-stroenie-stenki-krovosnabzhenie-innervaciya.html
tonkie-mehanizmi-raboti-karmi.html