TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)....

^ TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES
TEXT A. WHAT'S YOUR LINE?

School! Lessons, games, clubs, homework. A bell rings. You go to a classroom. A bell rings. You have lunch. A bell rings. You go TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... home.

But one day you go to school for the last time. What to do after that? You realize that the time to choose one job out of the hundreds has come TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)..... It's going to be a hard choice and nobody can make it for you.

Before you can choose, you ask yourself quite a lot of questions. What do you TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... know you are good at? What do you enjoy doing? Perhaps you enjoy working with your hands. Or you may prefer using your head — your brains. Are you interested in machines? Or do you like TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... meeting people? It's difficult to know all the answers to these questions until you have left school and actually begun work.

Many young people consider teaching as a TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... career. It's not surprising: after your parents your teacher may be the most important person in your life. With all the teachers you meet, you think there isn't anything you don't TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... know about the work. That's where you are wrong, since only those who are in it can appreciate it. Have you ever asked yourself why most teachers are so TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... devoted to their work and privately think, though they may not like to admit it openly, that they serve humanity doing the most vital job of all? Those of us who spend our TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... days in schools know how rewarding the job is. At the same time it is not easy and a real challenge to your character, abilities and talent, as teaching is a TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... constant stream of decisions.

Children in your classroom aren't just boys and girls. Every one is a unique individual who has never been before and will never again exist. If you like people, you TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... will love teaching. To be a good teacher you must be genuinely interested in what you are doing.

The most important things in the world are awareness and learning — wanting to TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... know every day of your life more and more and more. Because every time you learn something new you become something new. An ignorant teacher teaches ignorance, a fearful teacher TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... teaches fear, a bored teacher teaches boredom. But a good teacher catalyzes in his pupils the burning desire to know and love for the truth and beauty.

John Steinbeck, writing about his school days said TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)...., "I've come to believe that a great teacher is a great artist and you know how few great artists there are in the world. Teaching might even be the TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... greatest of the arts since its medium is the human mind and the human spirit." What an incredible responsibility to be the guardians of the human spirit and the human mind! I think, that TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... is the reason why humanity has the deepest respect for teachers.

I would never stop teaching and I'm sure that you, having chosen it for your career, feel the same way TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)..... If you don't feel that way then, please, for all our sakes, get out! The human mind and the human spirit are too wondrous to destroy. But if you are prepared TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... to accept the responsibility, I wish you all the luck in the world.

A Teacher

^ TEXT B. CHOOSING IS NOT SO EASY AS IT LOOKS

Jane: Hallo, Bob!

Bob: Hallo!

Jane TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)....: Oh, you've just left college, haven't you?

Bob: Yes.

Jane: What are you going to do?

Bob: Er... well, it looks like a choice between teaching or going into an office and TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)....... I think I'd much prefer to go in for teaching, because... well you get long holidays.

Jane: But, Bob, wouldn't you get bored with the same routine year TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... after year teaching... teaching the same material to the children. And... a sense o! responsibility you need — all those children, all those parents.

Вob: Oh, look, it wouldn't be as boring as... as working TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... in an office. Teaching is terribly stimulating. It's ... new every day — I'm sure I'd enjoy it.

Jane: But I mean, there's so much variety in office work TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)....! Look at my job: I'm dealing with people and their problems, there're new situations to cope with all the time.

Bob: Yes, that's quite true, but I TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... think there's a number of differences between teaching and office work and, well, I think I'll go in for teaching because... it really attracts me.

(From J. Jones "Functions of English". Cam., 1981)

Memory TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... Work

Autumn Flies

In the other gardens

And all up the vale,

From the autumn bonfires

See the smoke trail!

Pleasant summer over

And all the summer flowers,

The red fires blaze,

The grey smoke TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... towers.

Sing a song of seasons!

Something bright in all!

Flowers in the summer,

Fires in the fall! (R. L. Stevenson)

^ ESSENTIAL VOCABULARY (II)

Words

appreciate υ genuinely adv responsibility n

career n job TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... n responsible adj

challenge n profession n vital adj

choice n reliable adj vocation n

educate υ respect υ work n, υ

Word Combinations

to make/take a (careful) choice rewarding/stimulating work

to have no choice to be devoted to TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... smth. or smb.

to be interested in to be responsible for smth.

to leave/finish school to take/accept responsibility

school leaver to have/need a sense of res-

to consider teaching (medicine TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)...., ponsibliliry

etc.) as a career to cope with smth.

to take up a carrer/a job to earn/enjoy gratitude

to go in for teaching and respect

to be in teaching (medicine, to have (no) respect TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... for

banking, etc.) smb. or smth.

to be in/out of one's line love of smth./for smb.

Note: The nouns "work, job, profession, career, vocation" have more or less TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... the same meaning. Nevertheless there is a certain diffеrence in their semantics and usage.

"Work" has the most general meaning and can be applied to anything one has to do in the TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... way of making a living. "Job" is close to it in its meaning but tends to denote less prestigious work. Apart from that the word "job" can also denote a position in employment TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)...., in which case the difference between the words "work" and "job" is quite obvious (е.g. I'm very fond of шу job, even though it means doing a lot of work TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)....). "Profession" is work which requires advanced education and special training. Traditionally it's applied to law, medicine, architecture and military career. The word "career" itself means either a course of progress in the TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... life of a person or has the same meaning as the word "work" and is mostly used when speaking of the choice of work. The word "vocation" means the TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... kind of work to which a man is led by natural talents (compare with the word "calling"). It's a learned word and is seldom used in everyday speech.

Remember that thе word "work" in TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... the meaning mentioned above is uncountable and shouldn't be used with the indefinite article or in the plural.

In contrast to it the word "job" is countable and can be used TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... with the indefinite article.

EXERCISES
I. a) Transcribe and learn to read the following words:
machines, appreciate, humanity, vital, challenge, individual, awareness, ignorance, fearful, boredom, medium, accept, routine, stimulating, variety.
b TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)....) Study Texts A and В and explain the meaning of the words and word combinations listed below:
think privately, the most vital job, a rewarding, job, a challenge to your character, an ignorant teacher TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)...., a guardian, the same routine, stimulating work, to go in for teaching
II. a) Write English equivalents of the following words and phrases. Use them in sentences of your own:
сделать выбор TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)...., иметь призвание (возможности) к чему-л., интересоваться кое-чем, поразмыслить о профессии учителя, оценить, быть преданным собственной работе, служить людям, жгучее рвение к познаниям, почтение к кому-л.
b) Find in Text A TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... synonyms to the following words and word combinations:
to do well in smth., in fact, because, faithful, confess, gratifying, sincerely, knowledge, to ruin.
III. a) Enlarge upon the following TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... topics:
1. After your parents your teacher may be the most important person in your life. 2. Teaching is not easy and a real challenge to your character, abilities and talent. 3. To be a good teacher TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... you must be genuinely interested in what you are doing. 4. Teaching is a constant stream of decisions. 5. Every time you learn something new you become something new.

P r o m p t TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... s: there's one more thing to be noted, moreover, what's more..., I might as well add that..., in addition, on top of that..., something else I'd like to say TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... is..., talking of....
b) Comment on the quotation from John Steinbeck, say if you share his opinion. Do you also think that teaching equals art? Why do you think that! Find TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... more quotations concerned with teachers and teaching, comment on them. c) Continue the text on the part of the teacher. You may find the following ideas useful:
A good teacher is one who TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... learns all the time, from life, from colleagues, from children; a professional teacher integrates theory and practice; this sort of work demands great patience; there are many skills necessary for TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... good teaching.
d) Prepare a 3-minute talk on one of the great teachers of the past or today, give reasons for your choice. IV. a) Act out the dialogue "Choosing is not TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... so easy as it looks". b) Role-play a talk between an intending teacher and a will-be journalist on differences and similarities of the careers they've chosen. Use Text В and TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... Essential Vocabulary П. V. Speak about: 1. possible change in the system of secondary education in Russia.
P r o m p t s: universal compulsory education, to extend the training course, to improve TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... the educational process, to modernize programmes and manuals, to use up-to-date technical equipment, to provide optional training in various subjects.
2. an ideal school as you see it. VI. Bead the TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... jokes below. See how the verbs learn and study are used in the context. Consult a dictionary and find out the difference in their meaning and usage. Retell the TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... jokes in indirect speech:
1. A young teacher just beginning his career asks advice of an older member of the faculty: "What have you learned in your years of experience?"

"I've learned one TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... thing. Often you will find while you are giving a lesson in class that there is one young upstart who always disagrees with you. Tell me, would you stop him and try to TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... make him shut up right then and there?"

"I suppose I would."

"Well, don't. He's probably the only one who is listening to you."

2. A high-school girl seated next TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... to a famous astronomer at a dinner party struck up a conversation asking, "What do you do in life?"

He replied, "I study astronomy."

"Dear me," said the young miss, "I finished astronomy TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... last year."
VII. Translate the sentences using the words learn and study in their different meanings:
1. В юности он изучал химию в институте. 2. Малыши просто учат зарубежные языки. 3. Я очень огорчился, когда TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... вызнал, что не сдал экзамен. 4. Весь вечер он занимался в собственной комнате. 5. Изучите эту информацию очень внимательно- она поможет вам сделать верный выбор. 6. Моя сестра обучается, чтоб стать юристом TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)..... 7. К огорчению, он так и не научился читать и писать. 8. Вам еще предстоит научиться, как управляться с тяжелыми неуввязками на уроках.
VIII. Comment on the given proverbs. Make np a situation centered round one TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... of them:
1. Better unborn than untaught.

2. Like teacher, like pupil.

3. A little knowledge is a dangerous thing.
IX. a) Fill in prepositions and adverbs where necessary:
Dialogue

Bob: What are you going to take TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)....... as a career?

John: Architecture. Actually, I've already started. I began my studies ... last October.

Bob: What are you going to do when you finish?

John: Oh, I shall TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... go back ... home and practise ... my native town. There's a lot of useful work to be done there — building schools, hospitals, homes ... the people.

Bob: What мейд you decide to take ... architecture TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... as a career?

John: Well. I was good ... Maths and Art... school and I think I had a certain feeling ... design. My teacher encouraged ... me and said I had a TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... bent... architecture.

Воb: I find that some young people fail to take ... a career because they're not sure what they want to do and what career opportunities there are.

John: Yes, that's TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... true. But usually your personal qualities show......school, don't they? Teachers guide and encourage ... the young to take ... the careers ... which they're best suited.
b) Tell your friends how John chose TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... his career. c) Make up your own dialogues on choosing a career. Use the word combinations in bold type in them. X. a) Read the following:
Caring teachers take an TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... active part in defending peace and in solving other social problems, such as straggling for better living conditions and a happier future for their pupils. Their demands are well grounded since TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... millions of boys and girls throughout the world are being deprived of a happy childhood.
b) Support the idea with information from Russian and/or foreign press. Pay special attention to the situation in the TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... USA and Great Britain. c) Speak on:
1. your idea of a happy childhood;

2. the problem of deprived children in Russia and abroad.
XI. Here is a series of extreme opinions TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)..... Build a conversation about each topic. Begin as in the model:
English is a very easy language to learn.

A.: It says here English is a very easy language to learn.

В TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).....: I'm not sure I quite agree. I'd say it's fairly difficult.

A.: Why do you think that?

В.: Well, ...
Opinions:
1. A teaching career isn't suitable for men.

2. Teaching TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... a foreign language in a school is pointless.

3. Education is the responsibility of teachers and parents shouldn't interfere.

4. Schoolchildren should be allowed to choose the subjects they want to study TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).....

5. In the near, future schoolteachers will be replaced by computers.
XII. Translate the sentences below into English. Use Essential Vocabulary II:
1. Любовь к детям принудила его стать учителем, и он никогда не жалел TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... о собственном выборе. 2. Похоже, придется выбирать меж работой в детском саду и учебой в пединституте. 3. В моей работе нет огромного контраста, но у нее есть свои плюсы. 4. Боюсь, что в сей раз TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... школьникам нелегко будет совладать с заданием. 5. Успехи учеников в большой степени зависят от их учителя и его проф мастерства. 6. Работа в школе востребует от вас разума, такта и чувства ответственности. 7. Почтение людей TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... можно заслужить только добросовестным трудом. 8. Не каждый, кто получает профессию учителя в Англии, может отыскать для себя работу. 9. Я работаю учителем уже много лет и могу сказать, что не сумел бы отыскать более великодушного TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... труда. 10. Мой друг избрал для себя профессию доктора, еще когда обучался в школе. Он всегда был уверен, что эта работа важнейшая на свете. 11. Любовь к музыке и энтузиазм к педагогике TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... (theory of education) принудили меня пошевелить мозгами о профессии учителя музыки. 12. Нередко выпускникам школ бывает тяжело решить, какую профессию избрать. В данном случае учителя и предки могут посодействовать им сделать верный выбор TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... института.
ХIII. Role-piaying. a) Act out in pain the following situations; use Essential Vocabulary II:
1. Mike's father has been asked by the headmaster to come to school because of his son TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)....'s unusual behaviour: bad marks, lots of missed classes, rude behaviour. Discuss the causes of his behaviour and steps to be taken.

2. Next year George and Nick are going to take TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... entrance examinations at the University. Imagine a talk between them about their plans and the reasons that have determined then choice.

3. Mother and daughter have a very serious talk about the TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... girl's decision to take up teaching as a career. Her mother, though, is rather sceptical about her choice.

4. Imagine a talk between two friends, one of whom is fed up with his or TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... her present boring, unrewarding job. The other tries to suggest what he or she should do.

Prompts: might it be an idea to ...; have you ever thought of...; you could always ...; if I TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... were you, I'd ...; why don't you .,.; you'd better ...
b) Role-play the following situation:
You are at a Parent-Teachers association meeting. You are discussing a problem TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... you feel very strongly about Among you there is a mother who's sure that children shouldn't be strictly disciplined at school, a father who has the opposite opinion, a father TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... who tends to blame teachers for his children's faults, a grandmother who tends to spoil her grandchildren, a mother who gives other parents advice for the only reason that her daughter TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... is at the head of the class.
XIV. Pick one of these topics and discuss it, making sure each member of the group gets a chance to speak;
1. How to encourage a TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... child to make better progress at school? Should parents use; praise, presents, promises of future rewards?

2. Should a child be punished? If not, how to make children obey?

3. Should children be TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... allowed to wear clothes of their own at school? Should boys be allowed to have long hair, and girls to use make-up?

4. How can parents help teachers with out-of-school activities TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)....?

5. Should parents insist on their children doing equally well in all the subjects or should they encourage their sons and daughters to specialise in one or two subjects essential for their future career?
XV TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)..... a) Read and translate the text:
^ My Memories and Miseries As a Schoolmaster

The parents of the boys at school naturally fill a broad page in a schoolmaster's life and are responsible TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... for many of his sorrows. There are all kinds and classes of them. Most acceptable to the schoolmaster is the old-fashioned type of British father who enters' his boy at TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... the school and says:

"Now I want this boy well thrashed if he doesn't behave himself. If you have any trouble with him let me know and I'll come and TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... thrash him myself. He's to have a shilling a week pocket money and if he spends more than that let me know and I'll stop his money altogether."

Brutal TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... though his speech sounds, the real effect of it is to create a strong prejudice in the little boy's favour, and when his father curtly says, "Good-bye, Jack" and TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... he answers, "Good-bye, father," in a trembling voice, the schoolmaster would be a hound, indeed, who could be unkind to him.

But very different is the case of the up-to-date parent TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)..... "Now I've just given Jimmy five pounds," he says to the schoolmaster, in the same tone as he would use to an inferior clerk in his office, "and I've TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... explained to him that when he wants any more he's to tell you to go to the bank and draw for him what he needs." After which he goes on. to TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... explain that Jimmy is a boy of very peculiar disposition, requiring the greatest nicety of treatment; that they find if he gets in tempers the best way is to humour him and TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... presently he'll come round. Jimmy, it appears, can be led, if led gently, but never driven.

During all of which time the schoolmaster, insulted by being treated as an underling, has already fixed TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... his eye on the undisciplined young pup called Jimmy with a view of trying out the problem of seeing whether he can't be driven after all. (From "College Days" by S TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)..... Leacock)
b) Answer the questions below:
1. How does the author characterize two opposite types of "British father"? 2. Why, in Leacock's view, the "old-fashioned" type is more acceptable for a schoolmaster TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)....? Would you prefer to have Jack or Jimmy for a pupil? 3. How did the acquaintance with the fathers influence the schoolmaster's attitude to the boys? Do you find it TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... natural? 4. Do you think the problems raised in the text are outdated? Justify your answer. 5. In what way should teachers and parents cooperate in educating the child?
XVI. Act as an interviewer. Let TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... the rest of the group speak about why and how they decided to qualify as a teacher of languages. Find out:
1. if anybody or anything influenced their choice;

2. when they finally мейд TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... up their minds;

3. what attracts them in the work;

4. what they consider its advantages and disadvantages.
XVII. Interview a teacher at the school where you have school practice. Ask him TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... or her the questions from Exercise XVI and also try to find out:
1. how long he or she has been in teaching;

2. if he or she ever regretted having taken up the TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... job;

3. what is the most notable feature of teaching;

4. what advice he or she can give to a teacher trainee.
Discuss the interviews in class. XVIII. Comment on the picture. You may find these phrases TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... useful:
a Teacher-Parent Association meeting; to keep discipline in the classroom; to use traditional (new) methods; to be in the habit of giving orders; to be strict with the pupils: to TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... tell the pupils off; a bossy teacher.

"I will now explain the progressive methods by which your children are taught — so keep quiet, sit up straight and don't fidget."

XIX. Film TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... "Mr. Brown's Holiday"10. Film segment 1 "An Unexpected Turn'' (London), a) Watch and listen, b) Do the exercises from the guide to the film.11

^ STUDIES OF WRITTEN ENGLISH I

Clarity, interest TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... and emphasis are marks of good writing. Good writing is also based on selection of words in a sentence, on organization of sentences in a paragraph, and on unity of a written passage. These TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... are the main objectives of the second-year studies of written English.

Patterns of written prose. When writing you may choose to describe the facts or events, to tell TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... a story about them, to argue about them or to explain them according to your understanding. These verbs correspond to four basic forms of treating a topic: description, narration, argumentation, and exposition (explanation).

Paragraph is TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... a single sentence or a group of related sentences expressing and developing a basic idea, or a particular phase of thought. The paragraph is a practical device in writing. Its purpose is TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... to indicate the beginnings and endings of a thought unit. The beginning of a paragraph is indicated by beginning a line a little in from the margin.

Here is a TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... short paragraph describing a well-known portrait: "Mona Lisa (Gioconda) is represented sitting in front of a marble balcony. The left arm rests on the arm of the seat, and the TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... fingers fold over the end of it. The right хэнд, perhaps the most perfect хэнд ever painted, lies lightly over the left хэнд and wrist. On sleeves and bodice the pleats of TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... the satin dress take the light" (From "Leonardo de Vinci" by E. Mc. Curely)

The author presents his impressions of the portrait and describes it in detail.

Here is another example of a paragraph TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... telling a story: "A rather dreadful thing happened in the car as they were driving up from the beach to the ancient town, once a Norman port, but now left TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... high and dry by the receding sea." (From "The Wind" by A. Bennett)

Here is an example of a paragraph of argumentation: "I am here to say a very few words or TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)....» the whole question of the treatment of animals by our civilized selves. For I have no special knowledge, like some who will speak to you, of the training of performing animals. I have TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... only a certain knowledge of human and animal natures; and a common sense which tells me that wild animals are more happy in freedom than in captivity — domestic animals are more TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... happy as companions than as clowns." (From "On Performing Animals" by J. Galsworthy)

The author tries to convince the reader of his point of view: he dislikes the idea of turning domestic animals TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... into performers in the circus.

The expository paragraph below makes it clear what politeness is: "It isn't only with acquaintances and friends that politeness counts so much. Half the trouble in TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... marriage and other family relationships begins with the throwing of politeness overboard. Politeness is often little more than the exercise of self-control, which is as valuable a quality in friendship as kindness TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... itself." (From "Effective English and Personal Efficiency Course")

Note: These patterns of writing seldom occur alone, more often they are joined together.
Assignments: 1. Read the text "Anne Meets her Class TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation)...." and point out the paragraph» of description, narration, argumentation and exposition. What does the author like to describe in this episode? What is he telling the reader about? What argument is Anne TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... thinking of to manage the class? What is Miss Enderby trying to explain to Anne? 2. Search Texts А, В (Р. II) for the basic forms of treating the topic "On Teaching" and TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... prove your selection of paragraphs. 3. Write a paragraph describing the picture suggested by the teacher. 4. Write a short paragraph about your visit to a former schoolmate. 5. Write a paragraph supporting or arguing Jane's and TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... Bob's idea about teaching. (See the Dialogue.)
^ LABORATORY EXERCISES (II)
1. a) Listen to the additional text "What's Your Line?" on the topic "Choosing a Carrer", mark stresses and TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... tunes, practise reading the text. b) listen to the dialogue and learn it by heart. 2. Respond as in the models. Check your replies. 3. Write a spelling-translation test, check it with TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... the key. 4. Write the dictation "Five Hundred Years of English Language Teaching", check your spelling with a dictionary. 5. Translate the sentences into English, check your translation with the key. 6. a) Listen to the text TOPIC: CHOOSING А CAREES - Основной курс (Essential Course). Упражнения по интонации (Exercises in Intonation).... and find English equivalents to the given words and word combinations. b) Check the words and word combinations. c) Listen to the text again and do the tasks after it.

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